From here on, all major urban parks need to be like Sherbourne Common in Toronto, which not only provides a remarkable public space but also doubles as water treatment infrastructure. In a marvel of thoughtful design and engineering, the new 3.6-acre, $30 million park commissioned by Waterfront Toronto and designed by a team led by landscape architecture firm Phillips Farevaag Smallenberg uses ultraviolet light to clean polluted water coming in from Lake Ontario. Given not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) obstacles in cities are only expected to persist in the near term, these types of hybrid park-infrastructure projects make great sense, particularly given few communities can afford to build expensive, single-use “dumb” infrastructure. Many communities may jump at the chance for a beautiful park that does so much more. IMBY please?
Lisa Rochon from The Globe and Mail argues that the park also represents a major change in how societies integrate natural systems into cities: “Nature no longer exists. New nature is what we cultivate in our cities. Today, the urban farmers are planners, landscape architects and clean-tech innovators who plot to remediate the toxins left behind by the city’s industrialists. Historically, parks have been designed as picturesque snapshots – psychological escapes from urbanity. “
In addition to zones that span from Lake Shore Boulevard to Queens Quay, and to the edge of Lake Ontario, there’s a complex water treatment system that is central to the park design: “Water cleaned with UV light shimmers as it flows down chain-mail screens – held by curved nine-metre-high concrete arms – into raised pools that extend generously to Queens Quay. From there, the water gushes south into long troughs densely planted with native grasses selected for their ability to help clean water through bio-remediation. It then flows across the street toward Lake Ontario, nudging pedestrians to one side, before bursting above ground in spikes erupting from the splash pad.” During winter, that “splash pad” will turn into a skating rink framed by “fantastically frozen fountains.”
The Globe and Mail explains that the core functionality of the sewage-treatment facility is hidden from view though. Underneath the public bathrooms, there’s “a series of disinfecting machines that use ultraviolet light – not the chlorine of yesteryear – to clean water from the lake and the run-off of surrounding roads, highways and buildings. In North America, where dirty water tainted with E. coli bacteria can be found flowing like nasty rivers into our lakes, this cleaning process is a rare phenomenon.”
As for the park itself, the review is positive: ”the tectonic detailing is superb: in the chic ipe wood and back-lit acrylic benches; in the custom recessed lighting on the ground; in the park pavilion’s panels custom cut to fit custom curves.” (Unfortunately, though, there’s more of that unsustainable ipe hardwood [see earlier post]).
Light artist Jill Anholt’s use of light to create an “eerie blue aura” helps create the sense that advanced technologies are at work, but when visitors pass by a set of “watery veils,” motion detectors briefly turn the lights green.
In total, the park is “like a chess set. It takes some time, and contemplation, before its rewards pay off (and more expository signage would be useful to reveal the underground masterworks invisible to the eye). Still, no matter the pummelling the city is getting these days by its own mayor, citizen expectation for invigorating, intelligent public parks will be aroused by the Common.”
Overall, the city spent $27 million Canadian to not only transform an “underused land” in the city, but also create a public asset that will provide a great return on investment through “enhanced tourism for Toronto, “invigorated neighborhood communities,” and a “rebranding of the city as a place with an intelligent future.” Along with the city’s parks department, Waterfront Toronto, the innovative public program to transform the way the city connects with its waterfront and revitalize the city in the process, played a major role in ensuring “what might have been another pretty park has become a subtle intertwining of public art, architecture, landscape and sustainable infrastructure.” Their imaginative, award-winning landscape architecture plans and projects, including the new Spadina Wavedeck and HtO park, and upcoming underpass park, have already helped set the model for what a city can do. More projects are underway: a total of 800 hectares are targeted for redevelopment over 25 years.
Public artist Jill Anholt created the “blue light monuments” and Toronto architect Stephen Teeple created the pavilions. Phillips Farevaag Smallenberg also brought in the Municipal Infrastructure Group Ltd. for the stormwater management systems, and Trojan Technologies for the ultraviolet water disinfection system.
Also, check out the final designs of the upcoming Oregon Sustainability Center, which will achieve net-zero energy and water use.
Image credits: Watefront Toronto