What Benefits Older People Benefits Everyone

By 2050, one in five Americans will be 65 years of age or older, but, unfortunately, less than half of our country’s jurisdictions are prepared for this massive demographic shift. At The Atlantic’s “Conversation on Generations” forum at the Newseum in Washington, D.C., Steven Clemens, Washington editor-at-large of The Atlantic and Richard Florida, author of The Rise of the Creative Class and other bestsellers, discussed how communities can better prepare for their aging populations. The big point they made: what makes these communities healthier for older people will really benefit Americans of all ages.

Florida defined aging baby-boomer populations as Empty-Nesters, those 45-64, and retirees, those 65 and older. These groups are now replicating the trends of the Millennials: they are moving to urban centers. Boomers are moving to cities to be closer to their children and grandchildren. In part, they may be moving there to build a sense of community that may be missing in the suburbs.

But at least with the aging, the differences between the suburbs and urban areas may not be so stark. Florida said the traditional “categories of city and suburb don’t cut it anymore.” The distinction is now between whether a community is livable or not. A livable community is safe, secure, and offers access to transit, health care. These places are walkable and enable a high level of sociability. All of these things combine to help people age in place. According to the AARP, this is something the vast majority of older Americans want to do.

Clemens added that “cities have become better at being cities,” but there is still work to be done to make the majority of our communities truly livable. Transit systems need to be expanded or built in the majority America’s communities. Improving the connectivity of neighborhoods via networks of sidewalks and bike lanes is important. And the things that used to draw people downtown, “the SOBs – symphony, opera and ballet,” as Florida jokingly called them, aren’t enough of a draw anymore. Boomers and Millennials alike both call for more street-level vibrancy.

Florida admits this move by the boomers to urban centers, rather than retirement communities set in warmer climates, may lay the “seeds of generational conflict,” simply because boomers have more money and freedom of movement and can therefore potentially squeeze out younger people in their 20s and 30s.

That said, it isn’t just older people who will benefit from what Clemens called the “density and connectivity” of these livable communities. Florida noted that 33 million Americans across all age groups live in solo households. The more social ties a person has between friends and family, the longer and richer their life will be. Older Americans are more and more looking to live among a diversity of ages and experiences, which living in urban centers can give them.

While livable communities allow older people to age in place, the assets that allow them to do it with dignity – sociability, walkability, access to affordable and quality healthcare, proximity to community parks and greens spaces – are also the things that make cities healthy and livable places for people of all ages.  “Cities are not just places and built environments, they are collections of people,” said Florida, also noting that, “the places that really do well, do well across the board.”

This guest post is by Heidi Petersen, Student ASLA, ASLA 2013 summer intern and Master’s of Landscape Architecture candidate, Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT)

Image credit: ASLA 2012 Professional General Design Award. Lafayette Greens: Urban Agriculture, Urban Fabric, Urban Sustainability. Kenneth Weikal Landscape Architecture / Image credit: Beth Hagenbuch

3 thoughts on “What Benefits Older People Benefits Everyone

  1. scientiste 06/12/2013 / 9:53 am

    Reblogged this on Mental Flowers and commented:
    Yes, yes, yes! Accessibility for all! Allow everyone to be able to use their environments and stay in their communities! Different generations living together in a community is better for everyone!

  2. Vernon Petersen 06/13/2013 / 2:12 pm

    Good writing! Another idea would be to remove interstate freeways from our urban areas leaving only secondary roads. The interstates can be used to transit from city to city and around cities, but not in the cities themselves. Interstates cutting through our inter-cities destroyed neighborhoods and separated neighbors from each other, and they are visually ugly. This would also serve to encourage mass transit, and return many square miles of livable space to our aging cities.

  3. Mary Jane Lopez 06/30/2013 / 4:02 pm

    I am so excited to see the changes that are happening in Detroit. We love to go to Eastern Market, where you see people of all walks of life, buying fresh produce, selling food and wares, and then sitting in little outside cafes where the smell of barbecued chicken, beef and dogs are cooking along with fresh lemonaide made right in front of the customer. For the traditionalists, there are also regular restaurants close by. Another nice addition, is the local singers are welcomed. We have even seen grandmas like me get up to dance to the music. Smiles are shared and life is good.

    The only problem we do see is as more people go, the parking becomes a problem. If you live right in the area, all is well, but we live about 15 minutes away. That involves parking so we go early or around three when others are going home.

    PS I am one of those empty nesters and I love living close to Eastern Market. We do walk a lot which is good for our health. It is the high point of my week. We keep spreading the word! We hope to get more people riding with us!

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